Stated simply, pyrolysis is the process whereby carbon based feedstock such as wood chips are placed in a vacuum and heated to a point where the composite chemical makeup of the feedstock separates. These chemicals include oil, gas, carbon and ash.
Until recently Pyrolysis only produced an impure carbon product and burned off the volatiles (oil and gas). Improvements in the technology have enabled the capture of gas & oil and a higher quality of carbon.
Magnum’s Advanced Pyrolysis System (APS) incorporates a (patent pending) combined steam, direct heat, indirect heat and fast pyrolysis process which ensures a more complete penetration of heat into the feedstock thereby enabling a more complete and faster decomposition of the feedstock. Further, the use of steam provides a built in safety feature against particulate combustion and avoids the necessity for a high vacuum required by conventional pyrolysis systems.
The Patent abstract which is shown below, illustrates a major difference between the APS technology and other Pyrolysis processes. The elimination of dioxin and other polluting emissions is one of the most important features supporting our Advanced Pyrolysis Systems.
Apparatus and methods of operating hopper valves, reactions chambers, condensers, orifices, furnaces and chemical processors are disclosed and claimed. Several of the embodiments are specific to pyrolysis manufacturing processes. Some of the embodiments are applicable in situations where heat is used to decompose organic material, such as in the burning of wastes. The various embodiments contribute to improved quality for outputs such as carbon black and/or improved reliability by removing the potential for tar buildup and/or removing the possibility of dioxin contamination as a form of pollution.